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Temperature-Programmed Reduction/Oxidation for Catalyst Characterization


1. Bhatia, S., J. Bettramini, and D.D. Do, Temperature-Programmed Anatysis and Its Applications in Catalytic Systems," Catalysis Today, 7, 309-438 (1990). 

2. Bond, G.C. and S.P. Sarsam, "Reduction of Nickel/Magnesia Catalysts," Applied Catalysis, 38, 365-377 (1988).     

3. Bond, G.C. and M.R. Gelsthorpe, "Study of Europt-1 by Temperature-Programmed Reduction," Applied Catalysis, 35, 169-176 (1987).         

4. Boyce, A.L., S.R. Graville, P.A. Sermon and M.S.W. Vong, "Reduction of CuO-Containing Catalysts, CuO 1: TPR and TGA." React Kinet. Catal. Lett, 44, 1-11 (1991).         

5. Brito, J.L., J. Laine, and K.C. Pratt, Temperature-Programmed Reduction of Ni-Mo Oxides," Journal of Material Science, 24, 425-431 (1989).     

6. Chen, I. and F-L. Chen, "Effect of Alkali & Alkaline-Earth Metals on the Resistivity to Coke Formation and Sintering of Nickel-Alumina Catalysts," Industrial Engineering & Chemical Research, 29, pp 534-539 (1990).     

7. De Miguel, S.R., G.T. Baronetti, A.A. Castro, and O.A. Scelza, "Platinum-Tin/Alumina Catalysts: Modification of the Metallic Phase after Successive Oxidation-Reduction Cycles," Applied Catalysis, 45, 61-69 (1988).     

8. De Miguel, S.R., JA Marfnez Correa, G.T. Baronetti, A.A. Castro and O.A. Scelza, "Influence of the Reduction Temperature on the Characteristics of the Metallic Phase of Pt-Ge/Al203 Catalysts," Applied Catalysis, 60, 47-59
9.  Duprez, D., M. Hadj-Aissa, and J. Barbier, "Effect of Steam on the Coking of Platinum Catalysts. I. Inhibiting Effect of Steam at Low Partial Pressure for the Dehydrogenation of Cydopentane and the Coking Reaction," Applied Catalysis, 49, 67-74 (1989).     

10. Foger, K. and H. Jaeger, "Redispersion of Pt-Zeolrte Catalysts with Chlorine." Applied Catalysis, 56, 137-147 (1989). (1990).
11. Hay, CM, J.R. Jemings, R.M. Lambert, R.M. Nix, G. Owen, and T. Payment, "Activation of Copper-Cerium Intermetallic Catalyst Precursors by Temperature-Programmed Oxidation," Applied Catalysis, 37, 291-304 (1988).       

12. Hu, J., JA Schwarz, and Y.-J. Huang, "Effect of Thermal Treatment on the Reducibility of Alumina-Supported Nickel Catalysts," Applied Catalysis, 51, 223-233 (1989).
13. Hu, Z., K. Kunimori, and T. Uchijima, "Interaction of Hydrogen and Oxygen with Niobia-Supported arid Niobia-Promoted Rhodium Catalysts," Applied Catalysis, 69, 253-268 (1991).

14. Huang, T.-J., T.-C. Yu, and S.-H. Chang, "Effect of Calcination Atmosphere on CuO/y-Al203 Catalyst for Carbon Monoxide Oxidation," Applied Catalysis, 52, 157-163 (1989).

15. Huang, T.-J., "Effect of Calcination Conditions on Surface Properties of Copper/Alumina Catalysts," J. Chin. Inst. Chem. Eng., 21, 305-308 (1990).
16. Huang, Y.J., J. Xue, and J.A. Schwarz, "Analysis of Temperature-Programmed Reduction Profiles from Metal-Supported Catalysts," Journal of Catalysis, 111, 59-66 (1988).
17. Ismail, HM., M.J. Zaki, G.C. Bond, and R. Shukri, Temperature-Programmed Reduction of MoOx/SiOx and MoOx/Al203 Catalysts. Surface Structural Consequences of Impregnation Acidity," Applied Catalyst, 72, L1-L12 (1991)
18. Jackson, S.D., F.J. Rebertson, and J. Willis, "Study of Copper/Silica Catalysts. Reduction, Adsorption and Reaction," Journal of Molecular Catalysis, 63, 255-268 (1990).
19. Khutoretskaya, G.M., V.N. Vorob'ev, and A.B. Fasman, "Raney Catalysts on Carriers. IV. Temperature-Programmed Reduction of Catalysts," Kinetic Catalysis. 29.577-581 (1988).
20. Komiyama, AM., J. Sato, K. Yamamoto, and Y. Ogino, “Catalytically  Active Species on Titania-Supported Rhenium for Hydrogenation of Carbon Monoxide,” Langmujr, 3,  845-851 (1987).

21. Laine, J., Z. Ferrer, M. Labady, V. Chang, and P. Frias, "Structure and Activity of Chromium-Promoted Raney Copper Catalysts for Carbon  Monoxide Oxidation," Applied Catalysis, 44, 11-22 (1988).                                      

22. Leith, I.R. and M.G. Howden, “Temperature-Programmed Reduction of Mixed Iron-Manganese Oxide Catalysts in Hydrogen and Carbon Monoxide,” Applied Catalysis, 37, 75-92 (1988).     

23. Lietz, G., M. Nimz, and J. Voelter, "Double Promotion of  Palladium/Silica Catalysts by Iron and Magnesium Oxide in the Synthesis of Methanol from Carbon Monoxide and Hydrogen," Applied Catalysis, 45, 71-83 (1988).     

24.Lin, L., T. Zhang, J. Zang, and Z. Xu, "Dynamic Process of Carbon Deposition on Pt and Pt-Sn Catalysts for Alkane Dehydrogenation," Applied Catalysis, 67, 11-23 (1990).

25. Litvin, E.E., A.A. Slinkin, P.P. Arkhipov, M.V. Lyubomilova, and V. .G. Pimenov, "Study of the Distribution and Interaction of Components in Ni-Cu/Si02 Catalysts by Thermoprogrammed Reduction," Kinetic Catalysis, 28, 199-202 (1987).
26. Liu, T.C. and S.C. Wang, "Structure and Activity of Mo03/AIP04-5 Catalysts," J. Chin. Inst. Chem. Enq., 21, 173-177 (1990).
27. Liu, X., Y. Yang, and J. Zhang, “Temperature-Programmed Reduction and Desorption Studies of Praseodymium Promoted Platinum/Alumina Catalysts,” Applied Catalysis, 71, 167-184 (1991)
28. Lowe, A., and C. Mendoza-Frohn, "Soot Oxidation on Supported Catalysts. Effects of Prefreatment at High Temperatures," Applied Catalysis, 66, L11-L16 (1990).

29. Mangnus, P.J., J.A.R. Van Veen, S. Eijsbouts, V.H.J. De Beer, and  J.A. Moulijn, "Structure of Phosphorus Containing CoO-Mo03/Al203 Catalysts," Applied Catalysis. 61, 99-122 (1990).

30. Mangnus, P.J., A.D. van Langeveld, V.H.J. de Beer, and J.A. Moulijn, "Influence of Phosphate on the Structure of Sulfided Alumina Supported Cobalt-Molybdenum Catalysts." Applied Catalysis, 68, 161-177 (1991).
31. Marchetti, S.G., A.M. Alvarez, R.C. Mercader, and A.A. Yeramian, "Preparation and Characterization of Iron Catalyst Precursors on Different Supports." Applied Surface Science, 29, 443-462 (1987).
32. Mile, B., D. Stilting, M.A. Zammitt, A. Lovell, and M. Webb, “TPR Studies of the Effects of Preparation Conditions on Supported Nickel Catalysts,” Journal of Molecular Catalysis. 62, 179-198 (1990).                                     

33. Munoz, A., G. Munuera, P. Malet, A.R. Gonzalez-Elipe, and J.P. Espinos, "XPS and TPR/TPO Study of the Behavior of Rhodium Particles Supported on Ti02," Surface Interface Analysis, 12, (1988).     

34. Muraki, H., K. Yokota, and Y. Fugrtani, "Nitric Oxide Reduction Performance of Automotive Palladium Catalysts," Applied Catalysis, 48, (1989).     

35. Nag, N.K., D. Fraenkel, J.A Moulijn, and B.C. Gates, "Characterization of Hydroprocessing Catalysts by Resolved Temperature-Programmed Desorption, Reduction, and Suffiding," Journal of Catalysis, 66, 162170 (1980).
36. Oades, R.D., S.R. Morris, and R.B. Moyes, “Carbon Supported  Molybdenum & Molybdenum-Potassium Catalysts for the Hydrogenation of Carbon Monoxide,” Catalysis Today, 7, 199-208 (1990).
37. Parera, J.M., C.A. Querini, and N.S. Figoli, "Deactivation of the Pt-Re/Al203 Catalytic Functions During a Commercial Cycle," Applied Catalysis, 44, L1-L8 (1988).
38. Rao, V.M. and V. Shankar, "Characterization of Supported Copper  Catalysts for Methanol Dehydrogenation Prepared from Silica Hydrogel," Applied Catalysis, 45, 335-344 (1988).
39.  Scheffer, B., P. Mdhoek, and J.A. Moulijn, “Temperature-Programmed Reduction of NiO-W03/Al203 Hydrodesulphurization Catalysts," Applied Catalysis, 46, 11-30 (1989).

40. Spinicd, R., and A. Ulibarri, "Characterization of the Catalytic Activity of a Thermally Activated Hydrotalcite-Like Compound in Propylene  Oligomerization." Material Chem, Phvs.,26, 1-12 (1990).

41. Stuchl V. and K. Klusacek, “Temperature-Programmed Reduction of a Cobalt-Molybdenum Catalyst Activated by Hydrogen and Hydrogen Sulfide under Different Temperature Regimes,” Applied Catalysis, 34,263-273 (1987).
42. Subramanian, S. and J.A. Schwarz, "Structure and Activity of Composite Oxide Supported Platinum-Indium Catalysts," Applied Catalysis, 74,65-81 (1991).
43. Subramanian, S. and J.A. Schwarz, "Stoichiometric Composition of Platinum, Indium & Platinum-Indium Catalytic Precursors," Applied Catalysis, 68, 131-147 (1991).